IoT and Industry 4.0 — what do they have in common?
Among the most popular acronyms in real-world technology are Industry 4.0 and the Internet of Things. Although they are sometimes considered interchangeable, there is no real interchangeability between the two.
Manufacturing is already taking advantage of advanced digital technology. The advent of Industry 4.0 technology however has the potential to revolutionize the industry. Old manufacturing processes will be transformed, and efficiencies will increase. A crucial role of the Internet of Things (IoT) in this shift of production is that it allows factory workers to use more smart devices to enhance their efficiency and productivity.
IoT implementations are underway in the real world, and the promise of Industry 4.0 is now beginning to manifest itself, with smart factories and digital supply chains fuelled by data, insights, and automation.
IoT is touching our lives in every way, every day. You have a mobile device and connectivity that transmit data, which means you are also a component of the Internet of Things.
Like mobile phones, there are industrial devices that are used in enterprises. Manufacturing is one such enterprise. In discussing how Industry 4.0 will benefit manufacturers, I am met with many types of questions.
The simplest explanation of Industry 4.0 can be
A switch from traditional manufacturing processes to a data-driven process managed by connecting people, products, and processes while utilizing advanced technology.
What is — the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial Internet of things (IIoT)
What is IoT
The goal is to turn a dumb machine with no processing capabilities into a smarter, internet-connected device with sensors that can send and receive data over the internet and convey real-time information without the involvement of a human.
What is IIoT
IIoT is a subclass of the Internet of Things. The word relates to the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies utilised in industrial contexts, such as manufacturing plants. The Internet of Things (IIoT) is a critical component of Industry 4.0, the next phase of the industrial revolution. The core difference is these sensors that are used are more rugged, go through multiple types of tests considering the factory environment.
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is a paradigm that combines smart manufacturing machinery, artificial intelligence (AI), and advanced analytics to make every factory and every worker more efficient.
By enabling the faster and more efficient collection and analysis of bigger amounts of data, the Internet of Things (IIoT) will revolutionize manufacturing. In some factories, warehouses, and workshops, manufacturers have already implemented IIoT products and processes.
Businesses are increasingly adopting Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and machinery that can be continuously monitored, analysed, and distributed through communication technologies to collect, monitor, and analyse important insights. This technology is used differently by different firms, but the goal is unchanged: to improve operational efficiency through analytics, automation, and connectivity.
Wearable devices can give companies insights into shop floor performance, such as by providing wearable devices to shop floor employees. Industrial companies can use these important data to make more timely and well-informed decisions.
How is IIoT related to Industry 4.0?
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) involves the integration of IoT-enabled devices into manufacturing processes to improve manufacturing efficiency, product quality, comply with regulatory requirements, and make products more innovative and faster.
With the industrial Internet of Things, manufacturing businesses have access to increased visibility throughout the manufacturing process, and data is available instantly to consumers and applications.
In a manufacturing facility, there are different formats of machines that are used for production. All these machines have a programmable logic controller (PLC). PLC is the heart of the machine and stores an ample amount of data. These traditional machines are not connected and thus all the data of the machines lies in the PLC.
Automation, Control Systems, IoT, MES, Analytics, and Machine Learning will all be combined in this discipline. A true digital transformation requires connecting things together. There is more to devices than machines and sensors. In order to provide management with a holistic view of an organization’s current operations, things also include servers, applications, RFID, BLE, machines, sensors, SCADA, HMI, mobile applications, etc.
For digital transformation to be possible, IoT devices need to be connected to the vendor’s assets — and their trading partners — such as data, applications, and processes.
It will be impossible to address the diverse IoT Integration strategies by using a single application.
How IIoT is connected with Industry 4.0 drive.
As a result of the Internet of Things, industry 4.0 has been expanding at a lightning speed, as everything is connected to a network, and many processes are automated, thereby eliminating the need for much manual labour.
Monitoring live data has been shown to aid decision-making, and predictability has been shown to reduce the likely hood of future dangers, including asset management to ensure future workability.
What IoT and Industry 4.0 evolution is all about is connecting things, creating new ideas, improving processes and procedures, and implementing continuous innovation.
Every classic industrial machine includes a PLC. The goal of Industry 4.0 is to create a seamless environment in which all machines are connected. In today’s production setups, this basic requirement does not exist.
The toolkit is an integrated set of applications and tools that work together. Among the features of industrial IoT gateways are the collection and management of data from a heterogeneous system, historical data for storage, edge analytics, cloud platforms for modelling data, advanced analytics, device management, machine learning, and KPI dashboards.
Internet of Things is all about making everything smart, whether that’s a home, a building, healthcare equipment, or a factory. Industry 4.0 includes cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, robotics, digital twins, cloud computing, big data, and connected gadgets. Connected devices, smart factory infrastructures, and heavy machinery are the key intersection points for Industry 4.0 and IoT.
In every industrial operation, the Internet of Things plays a critical role and contributes significantly to excellence in manufacturing. A specific IoT that can be tailored to industry-specific processes provides the best results since it combines information technology with operational technology for processes.
To undertake digital manufacturing, Industry 4.0 employs the Internet of Things, or at the very least an Intranet of Things. Almost every machine, robotic device, simulation, and equipment contains sensors that provide data. These sensors are IIOT devices.
The Internet of Things is a crucial enabler of Industry 4.0.
Real-time data monitoring and predictability facilitate decision-making in the industry and enhance asset management for future workability. Connecting objects, generating insights, optimizing operations and fostering innovation are the major stages of how IoT in Industry 4.0 will evolve.
Machines can make split-second decisions based on real-time data, increasing performance and enabling better integration with business processes thanks to the Internet of Things. Your organization can use Data to remotely monitor all of its assets and allow holistic value chain analytics using IoT. Your manufacturing processes can be improved, downtime can be decreased, and customers can receive custom services.
This is a factory that is intelligent, resource-efficient, safe at work, and integrates customers and partners into business and value processes, while product management and engineering decisions are simplified.
What are the benefits of IoT for this change?
Data gathering, analysis, and continuous action are the central tasks of the Internet of Things, which are designed to make machines smarter and more efficient than humans. To get a better understanding of how production lines and machines work, businesses are investing in cutting-edge sensing technologies, which can be combined with artificial intelligence, machine learning, and real-time predictive analytics.
By using machine learning, systems can be trained to detect potential failure trends, and if alarming results are detected, they can be automatically reported for further investigation. Using these applications can help businesses save money.
In industrial environments, the most significant opportunity for the industrial Internet of Things is to transform existing legacy infrastructure.
The ability to be more productive
A major advantage of IoT is increased productivity. Industrial processes can be optimized in order to increase operational efficiency. As well as automating, this tool maximizes productivity and streamlines factory operations. A sensor embedded in a production asset is used to track its performance, allowing it to be adjusted and improved if necessary.
Maintenance that is planned in advance
Industrial production is significantly affected by the performance and usability of assets. In an effort to prevent long-term damage to productivity and operations, IoT adoption facilitates predictive maintenance to help process managers anticipate and respond to asset workability issues. A factory asset’s performance can be tracked in real-time using IoT sensors, which alert the manager if a problem is detected. A significant amount of money is saved for the organisation by resolving these flaws promptly.
Data monitoring in real-time
During real-time monitoring, the assets’ working and performance may be monitored, enabling any necessary adjustments to improve product quality and output. A real-time data monitoring system also makes decisions easier and increases productivity in factories.
A great deal of cost reduction can be achieved through the predictive maintenance and real-time data monitoring features of IoT, which enable machines to operate without human oversight. Reducing the level of human involvement lowers the cost, as well as the amount of human intervention.
Let’s Wrap up
Our perceptions of the workplace have changed dramatically in response to the fourth industrial revolution. As industrialists invest more and more in advanced ideas, their interest is growing rapidly. Making industries smarter and improving their workflows are both being contributed to by the Internet of Things.
You need tools in today’s business environment that will allow you to better streamline activities, improve productivity, increase collaboration, and exploit data in real-time as you build a sustainable, scalable business.
If you want to discuss with me, connect with me on Linkedin.